It is quite likely that you will be faced with a water storage or water pollution at least once, if not more often in your life. When this happens, you will need to provide clean water for your family. If you have a well or live near a fresh water source, then you are lucky. If not, you will need to store water for your family. If you are reading this article, you likely already know that. (-: But the next big questions is:
How Much Water Is Enough?
How Much Water Should You Store?
Honestly, the answer to that question is a tough one and one that you will find many varied answers to. A “water crisis” can be anything from your city’s water becoming contaminated for a day or two to a long term water shortage in the aftermath of a natural disaster or even worse. With all the various possibilities, it can be hard to create a clear goal when it comes to water storage.
Today, I will help you determine how much water you should store for your family. Yes, water is important, but I don’t want you to go overboard and spend too much time, money and stress here. And while there is no one answer that will fit everyone, I do have some thoughts and suggestions (and another free printable!) for you that should help you determine what your water storage goal should be.
FEMA / Ready.Gov
Fema and Ready.gov recommend storing at least a three day supply of water and they recommend a minimum of 1 gallon of water per person per day.
I suggest that this be your first goal. This is a bare minimum and I wish that every single family had at least this much water stored. Here is a quick chart to help you determine how much water you would need for your family in order to meet this minimum:
|Household Size||Minimum Gallons Needed|
It really isn’t much! EVERYONE can find a way to store at least that much water!
That three gallons per person will keep you alive for a few days. You may not be perfectly clean. You may not be able to do laundry, but you will have clean drinking water and a bit extra for sanitation purposes. Some water shortages / water crises won’t last much longer than this. However, some will: especially those following a natural disaster. If you are serious about being prepared, you will want far more than 3 gallons of water per person.
Once you’ve met the above minimum, consider other uses you have for water other than simply drinking it. Below I have a list of questions / thoughts that should get your mind going. Your answers will help you determine what you water storage goals should be. If you have anything that you think I should add, just let me know in the comments at the end of this post.
- Do you have access to a fresh water source AND the means to purify water? We will discuss water purification later this month, but if you have an abundant fresh water supply nearby, you may not need to store as much water. But keep in mind that water is heavy. This fresh water supply should be close by.
- The amount of water you need in a crises will depend largely on what you are preparing for. Go back to the prioritized list of “disasters” you made in last month. How likely are your top five “disasters” to cause a water shortage or water contamination? Would these water crises be over quickly or would they be more long term?
- Do you have any extra medical needs in your family? Is anyone pregnant? Is anyone nursing? Does anyone get migraines easily? etc
- Would the disasters on your list be likely to cause a medical emergency that would require more water?
- Do you live in a warm climate? In very hot temperatures, water needs can double.
- Would any of the disasters on your list require a lot of physical labor which would in turn require more water?
- Do you want to be able to do laundry, wash dishes, bathe, or flush toilets? If so, you will need more water.
- Do you have pets that you would want to store water for?
Later this month, I will be updating and re-sharing the experience I had living without running water for 48 hours. But for today’s purpose I just wanted to share with you the numbers I came up with for my family’s water storage needs. Again, there is no “magic” number and your goals will be different than mine. I’m sharing these numbers simply to give you an example and possibly a starting place.
As a result of my experiment , I’m planning on our family of six using approximately 16 gallons of water per day. This would require us being careful with our water, but would allow us to maintain a relatively normal lifestyle. We would be able to take a quick bath / shower every few days and do about half of the laundry I do now each week. I store extra paper products (that we can burn) instead of dish water. The sixteen gallons would not allow for flushing toilets at all. We would use “used” water for this purpose such as leftover dish or bath water.
Based on 16 gallons per day, our family of six needs to store:
- 48 gallons for a 3 day supply
- 112 gallons for a 1 week supply
- 224 gallons for a 2 week supply
- 336 gallons for a 3 week supply
- 480 gallons for a one month (30 day) supply
Initially, my goal was a one week supply. Once I had that, I put our resources (time and money) into other preparedness items (to be discussed in later months). Once I had a bare minimum in other areas, I came back to water. We currently have enough water stored to last us approximately 3 weeks. My goal is to make that a full month supply. In addition to that, we have the means to (easily) filter and purify water for at least a year.
Water For Pets:
I don’t have pets, so I didn’t include them in my calculations, but if you do, here are some guidlines from Hazel who is a favorite reader of mine and a Veterinarian.
“Since cats are all reasonably close in size, you can plan on an average of about 250mL (or about 1 cup) per cat per day.
Dogs are a little more complicated, since there is such a range in sizes. Most dogs will require 60-80mL/kg/day. To put that in US units: 0.12-0.15 cups per pound per day.
Pets that eat canned food will drink less water compared to pets eating dry food due to the increased moisture in the canned food. Pets in hotter climates and more active pets will drink a little more than pets in cooler climates or more sedentary pets.”
I suggest you make goals similar to mine:
- Goal #1: Fema’s recommendation of 3 gallons per person
- Goal #2: A more realistic goal that would allow for a bit longer than 3 days and a bit more than drinking and basic sanitation
- Goal #3: A longer term goal to be reached once you’ve got some basics in other areas of emergency preparedness
- Goal #4: An extremely long term goal (like a year+) that can be reached through water storage and / or purification.
Write these goals down! Knowing what you are aiming for is half the battle! And I’ve made it SUPER easy for you! Just print THIS WORKSHEET (or click on the image below).
Next week, we will discuss how to store your water!
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